Classification Of Different Types Of Roads – Based On Material

The classification of roads based on the construction material is essential for understanding the design, durability, and maintenance requirements of different types of roadways. Here, we explore the main types of roads classified according to the materials used in their construction.

Classification of Different Types of Roads

1. Bituminous Roads (Flexible Roads)

2. Cement Concrete Roads (Rigid Roads)

3. Water Bound Macadam (WBM) Roads

Roads Classifications
Roads Classifications
Classification of Different Types of Roads

4. Gravel Roads

5. Murrum Roads

6. Earthen Roads

1. Bituminous Roads (Flexible Roads)
Bituminous roads, also known as asphalt roads, are constructed using bituminous materials. These roads have a layered structure where the top layers are flexible and can distribute the load over a wider area.

What Are The Key Features:
Flexibility: The bituminous surface can flex under traffic loads without cracking.
Smooth Surface: Provides a smooth driving surface that reduces vehicle wear and tear.
Easy Repairs: Damages such as potholes can be quickly and easily repaired.
Here Are Some Common Uses:
Urban and rural roads
Highways and expressways
Airport runways
Here Are Some Examples:
Most city streets
National and State Highways
2. Cement Concrete Roads (Rigid Roads)
Cement concrete roads, also known as rigid roads, are constructed using cement concrete, which provides a rigid and strong surface. These roads are designed to bear heavy loads without significant deformation.

What Are The Key Features:
Durability: Highly durable with a long lifespan, requiring less frequent maintenance.
High Strength: Can support heavy traffic loads.
Low Maintenance: Less prone to weather-related damage compared to bituminous roads.

Classification Of Different Types Of Roads – Based On Material

1. Bituminous Roads (Flexible Roads)
Bituminous roads, also known as asphalt roads, are constructed using bituminous materials. These roads have a layered structure where the top layers are flexible and can distribute the load over a wider area.

What Are The Key Features:
Flexibility: The bituminous surface can flex under traffic loads without cracking.
Smooth Surface: Provides a smooth driving surface that reduces vehicle wear and tear.
Easy Repairs: Damages such as potholes can be quickly and easily repaired.
Here Are Some Common Uses:
Urban and rural roads
Highways and expressways
Airport runways
Here Are Some Examples:
Most city streets
National and State Highways
2. Cement Concrete Roads (Rigid Roads)
Cement concrete roads, also known as rigid roads, are constructed using cement concrete, which provides a rigid and strong surface. These roads are designed to bear heavy loads without significant deformation.

What Are The Key Features:
Durability: Highly durable with a long lifespan, requiring less frequent maintenance.
High Strength: Can support heavy traffic loads.
Low Maintenance: Less prone to weather-related damage compared to bituminous roads.
Here Are Some Common Uses:
Urban roads with heavy traffic
Industrial areas
Major highways
Here Are Some Examples:
Urban arterial roads
Certain segments of National Highways