Common and severe Bladder problems

Bladder problems can affect people of all ages and can range from minor annoyances to serious health issues. Common issues like urinary tract infections and overactive bladder can often be treated with simple remedies, while more severe conditions like bladder stones and bladder cancer require medical intervention. It is essential to understand the different types of bladder problems and their symptoms to help you recognise when it's time to seek help and what treatments might be available. This guide will explain some of the most common and severe bladder problems in easy-to-understand terms.

What is a bladder?

The urinary bladder is a hollow, spherical-shaped structure that stores urine. For most people, it can contain 500-700 mL (approximately two cups) of urine. When you need to use the restroom, the muscles in your bladder contract (tighten) while the sphincter muscles in your urethra relax, allowing pee to exit your body.

The bladder is part of the urinary system.

Common bladder problems

These are some of the common bladder problems:

Urinary tract infections (UTI)

Meaning: A urinary tract infection, or UTI, occurs when germs enter your urinary tract–kidneys, bladder, or urethra. Every year, more than 8.1 million people seek medical attention for urinary tract infections. Approximately 60% of women and 12% of men will experience at least one UTI over their lives.
Symptoms: redness, irritation, pain in your lower abdomen or pelvic area, Burning or pain when urinating
Causes: Usually caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract.
Treatment: A mild UTI is treatable with a short course of antibiotics. Most uncomplicated urinary tract infections can be treated with a short course of a suitable antibiotic. However, some infections may require lengthier treatment. You may also need to be hospitalised in case of severe infections.

Overactive Bladder (OAB):

Meaning: Overactive bladder, or OAB, creates unexpected desires to urinate that can be difficult to ma